Book - 1901
Poor condition set of four.
1 January - The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia. Edmund Barton becomes first Prime Minister.
1 January - Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.
19 January — Queen Victoria is reported to be seriously ill.
22 January — Queen Victoria dies at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. She was 81 years old and had served as monarch for nearly 64 years – longer than any other British monarch in history. Her eldest son, The Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales becomes King, reigning as Edward VII. His son, The Prince George (later George V) becomes Duke of Cornwall and York.
2 February — Funeral of Queen Victoria takes place at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
18 February — Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the House of Commons, concerning the Boer War.
21 February — The Apollo Theatre opens in Shaftesbury Avenue, London.
5 March — Police eject jeering Irish Nationalists from the House of Commons.
12 March — The Whitechapel Art Gallery opens.
31 March — Census in England and Wales. The number of people employed in manufacturing is at its highest-ever level.
26 April — First meeting of the Engineering Standards Committee, predecessor of the BSI Group.
2 May–4 November — Glasgow International Exhibition.
16 May — TS King Edward is launched at William Denny and Brothers' shipyard in Dumbarton. The first commercial merchant vessel propelled by steam turbines, she enters excursion service on the Firth of Clyde on 1 July.
18 May — Alexandra Palace opens to the public.
12 July — Maidenhead enters the UK Weather Records with the highest 60-minute total rainfall at 92 mm. As of July 2010 this record remains.
22 July — The House of Lords rules in the Taff Vale case that trade unions can be held liable for damages caused by members.
22 July — British congress on tuberculosis opens.
5 August — Britain's first cinema opens in Islington.
6 August — Discovery Expedition: Robert Falcon Scott sets sail on the RRS Discovery to explore the Ross Sea in Antarctica.
30 August — Engineer Hubert Cecil Booth patents the electrically powered vacuum cleaner.
7 September — The United Kingdom is amongst the signatories of the Boxer Protocol ending the Boxer Rebellion in China.
October — First performance of Edward Elgar's Pomp and Circumstance March No. 1, in Liverpool.
2 October — Royal Navy's first submarine, Holland 1, launched at Barrow-in-Furness.
29 October — The Aero Club of the United Kingdom is established.
9 November — The Prince George, Duke of Cornwall and York (later George V) becomes Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
14 November — Caister Lifeboat Disaster: Life-boat Beauchamp capsizes on service off Caister-on-Sea, Norfolk, during a major storm: 9 of 12 crew killed.
18 November — The United Kingdom and United States sign the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty allowing the US to build a canal through Panama.
30 November — Frank Hornby of Liverpool is granted a patent for the construction toy that will become Meccano.
12 December — Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal, sent from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, the letter "S" in Morse.